Vegetable Planting Rates and Spacing

This chart was developed to help you plan your rows and determine the amount of seed you will need.

Vegetable Seeding Rate 100' Row Seeding Rate Per Acre Approximate Seeds Per Pound Space Plants Apart In Rows Space Rows Apart Depth to Plant Seeds in Inches Days To Germination Approximate Time To Mature Crop-Days
Asparagus 1 oz 4-5 lbs 800 18-36" 2-3'  1/2 15 3-4 Years
Beans, Pole 1/2-1 lbs 40 lbs 80 3-8" 36-48" 1 to 1 1/2 6 50-70
Beans, Snap 1-2 lbs 60-100 lbs 100 1-4" 18-40" 1 to 1 1/2 6 40-60
Beans, Lima 1-2 lbs 30-50 lbs 40 6-8" 18-30" 1 to 1 1/2 7 40-65
Beets, Monogerm 1 1/2 oz 5-10 lbs 1000 1-2" 18-24"  1/2 8 55-75
Beets, Muli-germ 2 oz 8-24 lbs 1500 1-4" 18-24"  1/2 9 58-80
Broccoli 1/2 oz 1/4 lb 9000 18-24" 2-3'  1/4 10 100-130
Brussel Sprouts 1/2 oz 1/4 lb 8000 18-24" 24-30"  1/4 10 150
Cabbage 1/2 oz 1-3 lbs 8500 8-30" 2-3'  1/4 10 65-120
Cabbage Chinese 1/2 oz 3-4 lbs 17000 12-18" 2-3'  1/4 9 79-80
Carrot 1/2 oz 2-5 lbs 25000 1-3" 18-24"  1/2 8 100-120
Cauliflower 1/4 oz 1/4 lbs 10000 18-24" 2-3'  1/4 10 120-150
Chickory 1/4 oz 1/4 lbs 17000 10" 24"  1/4 12 65-140
Collards 1/2 oz 3-4 lbs 8000 4-8" 18-24"  1/4 10 60-80
Celeriac 1/4 oz 1/4 lb 60000 4" 2  1/8 21 100-125
Celery 1/4 oz 1/4 lb 60000 6" 2-3'  1/8 21 100-130
Cucumber 1 oz 3 lbs 1000 1-3" 3-6' 1    7 60-90
Eggplant 1/4 oz 1/4 lb 6000 18-24" 2-3'  1/2 10 120-130
Endive 1 oz 4 lbs 25000 8-12" 18-24"  1/2 10 85-100
Kale 1/2 oz 4 lbs 7500 12-24" 18-24"  1/2 10 50-60
Kohl Rabi 1/2 oz 4 lbs 8000 6-8" 18-24"  1/2 12 50-60
Lettuce 1/4 oz 3-4 lbs 25000 6-12" 18-24"  1/8 7 60-90
Muskmelon 1 oz 3 lbs 1200 3-4" 6-8' 1    7 85-100
Mustard 1 oz 5 lbs 15000 4-6" 6-8'  1/4 9 50-70
Okra 2 oz 8 lbs 500 18-24" 2-3' 1    10 50-60
Onions, Green 1 oz 3-4 lbs 8000 2-3" 15-30"  1/2 10 60-90
Onion, Dry 1 oz 3-4 lbs 8000 2-3" 15-30"  1/2 10 140-180
Parsley 3/4 oz 4 lbs 15000 4-8" 12-18"  1/4 21 90
Parsnip 1 oz 4 lbs 10000 3-6" 18-24"  3/4 18 120
Peas(Row) 2 lbs 90-150 lbs 125 2-3" 2-3' 1 1/2 to 2 8 60-120
Peas(Broadcast)   200-250 lbs 125     1 1/2 to 2 8 60-120
Pepper 1/8 oz 6 oz 4000 15-20" 18-30"  1/4 10 75-120
Pumpkin 1 oz 3 lbs 4000 15-20" 18-30"  1/4 10 75-120
Radish 1 oz 10-12 lbs 2500 1/2-1" 12-18"  1/2 6 28-36
Rhubarb 1 oz 3 lbs 1700 3-6' 3-4' 1 to 1 1/2 10 1 year
Rutabaga 1/2 oz 2-4 lbs 10000 6-8" 18-24"  1/2 9 70-100
Spinach 1 oz 10-15 lbs 2500 3-4" 12-18" 1/2 to 3/4 8 40-65
Squash, Summer 2 oz 4-6 lbs 300 3-4' 3-4' 1 1/2 7 60-75
Squash, Winter 1 oz 3-4 lbs 100 4-6' 6-8' 1 1/2 9 90-120
Sweet Corn 4 oz 5-10 lbs 150 12-15" 30-48" 2-Jan 7 75-100
Tomato, Direct 1/2 oz 2 lbs 11000 2-6' 3-7'  1/4 8 60-90
Tomato, Trans 1/4 oz 1/4 lb 11000 3-4' 3-4'  1/4 8 60-90
Turnip 3/4 oz 2 lbs 10000 3-4" 15-24" 1/4 to 1/2 7 45-60
Watermelon 1 oz 2-4 lbs 250 6-8' 8' 1 1/2 8 80-90